Myopia control refers to various treatments and strategies aimed at slowing down the progression of nearsightedness (myopia) in children. The goal is to reduce the rate at which the eye elongates, thus potentially decreasing the severity of myopia and its associated risks.
Myopia control strategies are typically initiated when a child is diagnosed with myopia and shows signs of progressive nearsightedness. The earlier the intervention, the better the chances of success. However, myopia control can be beneficial for children and teenagers of various ages.
There are several methods used for myopia control, including orthokeratology (corneal reshaping lenses), multifocal contact lenses, atropine eye drops, and soft bifocal or multifocal eyeglasses. These approaches aim to alter the visual environment or the focusing characteristics of the eyes to slow down myopia progression.
Various studies have shown that myopia control methods can be effective in slowing down the progression of myopia in children. However, the effectiveness may vary depending on the specific method used, the child's age, the severity of myopia, and individual factors. Regular monitoring and consultation with an eye care professional are essential to assess the progress and adjust the treatment plan accordingly.
Myopia control methods primarily aim to slow down the progression of myopia rather than reverse it completely. However, these methods can help reduce the risk of high myopia, which is associated with an increased likelihood of eye diseases later in life. Early intervention and consistent use of myopia control strategies can have a positive impact on a child's eye health.